Category: Fishes | Resource

Barred baril, Barilius barila (Hamilton, 1822)

Barred baril, Barilius barila

Barred baril, Barilius barila

Systematic position
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Cypriniformes (Carps)
Family: Cyprinidae (Minnows and carps)
Subfamily: Rasborinae (Danioninae)
Genus: Barilius
Species: B. barila

Synonyms
Barilius barila (Hamilton, 1822)
Barilius barnoides Vinciguerra, 1890
Barilius shanensis Fowler, 1958
Cyprinus barila Hamilton, 1822
Cyprinus chedrio
Hamilton, 1822
Danio monshiensis
Yang & Hwang, 1964
Leuciscus barila (Hamilton, 1822)
Opsarius anisocheilus
McClelland, 1839

Common/local names
English: Barred baril
Bangladesh: Barali (বারালি) and Koksa (খোকসা)
India: Korang, Persee and Bhareli (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).

Distributions: Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Myanmar (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).

Conservation status: Non threatened in Bangladesh (IUCN Bangladesh, 2000).

Morphology: Body shallow and slender, mouth moderate barbells two pairs (rostral and maxillary), dorsal fin almost entirely advance in anal fin, pectoral nearly as long as head, lower lobe of caudal longer. Scales moderate with many radii and body complete with  43-46  scales (Rahman, 1989 and 2005; Shafi and Quddus, 2001). Characteristic muscular pad present in front bases of pectoral. Body colored by vertical blue band with pinkish fins and dark olivaceous back.

Head  5.0-5.5;  height  5.2-5.4  in total length. Eye  3.5-4.0  in head; snout  0.7-1.0,  interorbital  0.7-1.0 (Rahman, 1989 and 2005).

Fin formula:
D. 9 (2/7); P1. 13; P2. 9; A. 13-14(3/10-11) (Rahman, 1989 and 2005)
D ii 7; A iii 10-11; P i 12; V i 8 (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
D. 9 (2/7); P. 13; V. 9; A. 12-14(3/10-11) (Shafi and Quddus, 2001)

Maximum length: 10 cm (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991; Shafi and Quddus, 2001).

Habitats: Rivers and canals of Dinajpur and Rangpur (Shafi and Quddus, 2001).

Importance: Used by the fishermen as bait on hooks for other bigger and commercially important fishes (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).

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REFERENCES

Fowler HW. 1958. Some new taxonomic names of fishlike vertebrates. Notulae Naturae (Philadelphia) No. 310: 1-16.

Hamilton F. 1822 An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edinburgh & London. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches.: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.

IUCN Bangladesh. 2000. Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh, IUCN- The world conservation union. xii+116 pp.

McClelland J. 1839. Indian Cyprinidae. Asiatic Researches v. 19 (pt 2): 217-471, Pls. 37-61.

Rahman AKA. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, 1st edition, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, pp. 95-96.

Rahman AKA. 2005. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, 2nd edition, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, pp. 112-113.

Shafi M and Quddus MMA. 2001. Bangladesher Matsho Shampad (Fisheries of Bangladesh) (in Bengali), Kabir publication. Dhaka, Bangladesh. p. 142.

Talwar PK and Jhingran AG. 1991. Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Vol. 1, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi-Calcutta, pp. 343-344.

Vinciguerra D. 1890. Viaggio di Leonardo Fea in Birmania e regioni vicine. XXIV. Pisci. Annali del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Genova (Serie 2a) v. 9: 129-362, Pls. 7-11.

Wu H-W. 1964. The cyprinid fishes of China. Volume 1. Science Press, Shanghai. The cyprinid fishes of China. v. 1: 1-228, Pls. 1-78.

 

Photo credit:

  • Photo by: CAFS
  • Source: EOL
  • Copyright: CC BY NC

 

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Student, Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. More...

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