Category: Fishes | Freshwater Fishes | Resource

Extinct Fishes of Bangladesh

Labeo dyocheilus

Labeo dyocheilus

Thirty species of fishes have been listed as extinct in inland waterbodies specially rivers of Bangladesh (Hossain, 2014). Famous Bangladeshi fisheries biodiversity scientist Dr. Hossain (Dr. Mostafa Ali Reza Hossain, Professor of Fisheries Biology and Genetics, BAU) also reported that more than hundred species of riverine fishes have been gone to under threat to extinct. According to Hossain (2014), a list of extinct fishes of Bangladesh is presented bellow. Here habitat, geographical distribution and global conservation status of IUCN and national conservation status of IUCN Bangladesh have been added.

Order: Cypriniforme

Name of fish Habitat Distribution Conservation Status
Balitora brucei Gray, 1830
বালিতোরা
Gray’s Stone Loach
Waterfall, Mountainstream [1] Bangladesh, India, Nepal, Bhutan and Myanmar [1] Global:Near Threatened (NT) [2], Bangladesh:
Schistura sikmaiensis (Hora, 1921); Nemacheilus sikmaiensis Hora, 1921 Mountainstream [3] Bangladesh, India, Nepal, China and Myanmar [3] Global:Least Concern (LC) [4], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Schistura dayi (Hora, 1935) Mountainstream [6] Bangladesh and India [6] Global:Least Concern(LC) [7]
Bangladesh:
Neoeucirrhichthys maydelli Banarescu and Nalbant, 1968
Goalpara Loach
Mountainstream [8] Bangladesh and India [8] Global:Least Concern (LC) [9], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Pangio oblonga (Valenciennes, 1846)
পাঙ্গা
Java Loach
Mountainstream [10] Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia [10] Global:Not Evaluated (NE) [11], Bangladesh:
Barilius tileo (Hamilton, 1822)
টেলি খোকসা, তিলা, তিলা খোকসা, পাথরচাটা
Tileo Baril
River, Mountainstream [12] Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Myanmar [12] Global:Least Concern (LC) [13], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes, 1844)
চেলা
Silver Razorbelly Minnow
River, Mountainstream [14] Bangladesh and India [14] Global:Least Concern (LC) [15], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Danio dangila (Hamilton, 1822)
নিপাতি
Moustached Danio
Mountainstream [16] Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Myanmar [16] Global:Least Concern (LC) [17], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Esomus lineatus Ahl, 1923
দারকিনা
Striped flying barb
Freshwater, Brackish water, Costal area and River Mouth (Padma) [18] Bangladesh, India and Sri Lanka [18] Global:Not Evaluated (NE) [11], Bangladesh:
Garra annandalei Hora, 1921
ঘর পুঁইয়া
Annandale Garra
Mountainstream [19] Bangladesh, India, BhutanandNepal [19] Global:Least Concern (LC) [20], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Bangana dero (Hamilton, 1822), Labeo dero (Hamilton, 1822)
কুর্সা, কুর্শা, খুর্শা, কাতাল খুশি
Kalabans
Mountainstream [21] Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Bhutan, China, NepalandMyanmar [21] Global:Least Concern (LC) [22], Bangladesh: Endangered (EN) [5]
Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland, 1839)
ঘোড়া মাছ, মাইটা ভাঙ্গুরি, মাইটা ভাঙ্গা
Brahmaputra labeo
River and Lake [23] Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Bhutan, Nepal, Myanmar, Cambodia, Laos and Thailand [23] Global:Least Concern (LC) [24], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Labeo nandina (Hamilton, 1822)
নান্দিনা, নান্দিল, নন্দানি, নৌন্দা
Nandi labeo
River and Beel [25] Bangladesh, India and Myanmar [25] Global:Near Threatened (NT) [26], Bangladesh: Critically endangered (CR) [5]
Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland, 1839)
Copper Mahseer
River and Mountain stream [27] Bangladesh, India, Nepal, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia [27] Global:Near Threatened (NT) [28], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Osteochilus hasseltii (Valenciennes, 1842)
থুইটা পুঁটি
Bonylip barb, Silver sharkminnow, Hardlipped barb, Nilem carp
River and Lake [29] Bangladesh, India, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malaysia and Indonesia (Introduced to Hong Kong and Singapore) [29] Global:Least Concern (LC) [30], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Raiamas guttatus (Day, 1870)
ভোল
Burmese Trout
River and Lake [31] Bangladesh, India, Nepal, China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam and Malaysia [31] Global:Least Concern (LC)[32], Bangladesh:

 

Order: Siluriformes

Name of fish Habitat Distribution Conservation Status
Amblyceps laticeps (McClelland, 1842)
Indian Torrent Catfish
River, Mountainstream [33] Bangladesh and India [33] Global:Least Concern (LC) [34], Bangladesh:
Batasio tengana (Hamilton, 1822)
টেংরা
Assame batasio
River, Canal, and Stream [35] Bangladesh, India, Myanmar and Thailand [35] Global:Least Concern (LC) [36], Bangladesh: Endangered (EN) [5]
Pseudolaguvia shawi (Hora, 1921); Laguvia shawi Hora, 1921
Painted catfish
Mountain river and stream [37] Bangladesh and India [38] Global:Least Concern (LC) [37], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Pseudolaguvia ribeiroi (Hora, 1921); Laguvia ribeiroi Hora, 1921
Painted catfish
Mountainstream [39] Bangladesh, India and Nepal [39] Global:Least Concern (LC) [40], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]
Ailiichthys punctata Day, 1872; Ailia punctata (Day, 1872)
কাজুলি, বাঁশপাতা, যমুনার কাজুলি
Jamuna Ailia
River basin [41] Bangladesh, India and Pakistan [41]Nepal [42] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [42], Bangladesh: Vulnerable (VU) [5]
Pterocryptis gangelica Peters, 1861 River basin 43] Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Afghanistan [43] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [44], Bangladesh:
Nangra bucculenta Roberts and Ferraris, 1998
গাঙ টেংরা
River (Jamuna) and River basin, floodplain(Tangail) [45] Bangladesh [45] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [46], Bangladesh:
Nangra nangra (Hamilton, 1822)
গাঙ টেংরা
River basin [47] Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan [47] Global:Least Concern (LC) [48], Bangladesh: Not Threatened (NO) [5]
Nangra ornata Roberts and Ferraris, 1998
গাঙ টেংরা
Turbid fast flowing river (Surma or Meghna in Sylhet) [49] Bangladesh [49] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [50], Bangladesh:
Pseudecheneis sulcata (McClelland, 1842)
Sucker Throat Catfish
Mountainstream [51] Bangladesh, India, Nepal, China, Myanmar and Thailand [51] Global:Least Concern (LC) [52], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]

 

Order: Perciformes

Name of fish Habitat Distribution Conservation Status
Ambassis nalua (Hamilton, 1822)
নলুয়া চাঁন্দা
Scalloped Perchlet
Coastal area, Estuary, Canal in Mangrove forest [53] Bangladesh, India, Andaman Islands, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, Micronesia, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea [53] Global:Least Concern (LC) [54], Bangladesh:
Channa barca (Hamilton, 1822)
পিপলা, পিপলা শোল, তিলা, তিলা শোল
Barca Snakehead
Large river [55] Bangladesh, India, Nepal [55] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [56], Bangladesh: Critically endangered (CR) [5]
Pseudosphromenus cupanus (Cuvier, 1831)
কই বান্দি
Spiketail paradisefish, Red eyed spiketail Paradisefish
Freshwater, Coastal river with aquatic plants [57] Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar and Malaysia [57] Global:Least Concern (LC) [58], Bangladesh:

 

Order: Beloniformes

Name of fish Habitat Distribution Conservation Status
Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker, 1853)
এক থুটা, এক থোটা
Gangetic Halfbeak
Ocean, Sea, Bay and Coastal waterbodies [59] Bangladesh [60] and India [59] Global:Data Deficient (DD) [61], Bangladesh: Data Deficient (DD) [5]

 

Barilius tileo

Barilius tileo

 

Among the above listed fish, two fishes (Nangra bucculentaand Nangra ornata) are endemic in Bangladesh. These fishes are recorded only single time from Bangladesh as well as world by Roberts and Ferraris in 1998. Rest twenty eight species of fishes also found in different adjacent as well as east-southern countries of Bangladesh. If we take necessary action to introduce these fishes to Bangladesh, it may be recovered.

Note that, according to Rahman (1989) and Rahman (2005) Bangladesh has 260 and 265 number of freshwater fish species orderly. On the other hand 267, 289 and 293 species of riverine fishes have been recorded by Hossain (2014), Hossain and Wahab (2012) and Hossain et al (2012) respectively. Moreover only 251 species of freshwater fishes are comprised in the book entitled “Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh” Volume 23 (Freshwater Fishes) including exotic fishes.

 

Reference (used in text):

  • Hossain MAR and Wahab MA. 2012. Fish Diversity of Riverine Fishes of Bangladesh (in Bangla). National Fisheries Week 2012 Compendium. 2012. pp. 35-41.
  • Hossain MAR, Wahab MA and Belton B. 2012. The Checklist of the Riverine Fishes of Bangladesh. FAN (Fisheries and Aquaculture News) Bangladesh. Vol: 2 (July-December). 2012. pp 18-27.
  • Hossain MAR. 2014. Habitat and fish diversity: Bangladesh Perspective. In. Advances in Fisheries Research in Bangladesh: I. Wahab MA, Shah MS, Hossain MAR, Barman BK and Hoq ME (eds). Proceedings of Fifth Biennial Fisheries Conference and Research Fair 2012. 18-19 January 2012. Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council, Dhaka. Bangladesh Fisheries Research Forum, Dhaka, Bangladesh. 246 p.
  • Rahman AKA. 1989. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. 1st edition. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000. 363 p.
  • Rahman AKA. 2005. Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh. 2nd edition. Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000. 394 p.

 

Reference (used in table):

  1. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Balitora brucei Gray, 1830. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  2. Britz R. 2010. Balitora brucei. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  3. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Schistura sikmaiensis (Hora, 1921). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  4. Vishwanath W. 2010. Schistura sikmaiensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  5. IUCN Bangladesh. 2000.Red Book of Threatened Fishes of Bangladesh. IUCN – The World Conservation Union (Bangladesh). xii+116 pp.
  6. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Schistura dayi (Hora, 1935). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  7. Raghavan R, Ali A and Dahanukar N. 2011. Schistura dayi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  8. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Neoeucirrhichthys maydelli Banarescu and Nalbant, 1968. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  9. Vishwanath W. 2010. Neoeucirrhichthys maydelli. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  10. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pangio oblonga (Valenciennes, 1846). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  11. IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  12. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Barilius tileo (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  13. Vishwanath W. 2010. Barilius tileo. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  14. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Salmostoma acinaces (Valenciennes, 1844). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  15. Dahanukar N. 2011. Salmophasia acinaces. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  16. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Danio dangila (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  17. Vishwanath W. 2010. Danio dangila. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 17 May 2014.
  18. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Esomus lineatus Ahl, 1923. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  19. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Garra annandalei Hora, 1921. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  20. Rayamajhi A and Jha BR. 2010. Garra annandalei. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 15 May 2014.
  21. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Bangana dero (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  22. Vishwanath W. 2010. Bangana dero. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 17 May 2014.
  23. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Labeo dyocheilus (McClelland, 1839). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  24. Dahanukar N. 2010. Labeo dyocheilus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  25. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Labeo nandina (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  26. Dahanukar N. 2010. Labeo nandina. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  27. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Neolissochilus hexagonolepis (McClelland, 1839). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  28. Arunachalam M. 2010. Neolissochilus hexagonolepis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  29. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Osteochilus hasseltii (Valenciennes, 1842). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  30. Vidthayanon C. 2012. Osteochilus vittatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  31. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Raiamas guttatus (Day, 1870). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  32. Vishwanath W. 2010. Raiamas guttatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  33. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Amblyceps laticeps (McClelland, 1842). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  34. Ng, H.H. 2010. Amblyceps laticeps. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  35. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Batasio tengana (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  36. Ng, H.H. 2010. Batasio tengana. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  37. Ng HH. 2010. Pseudolaguvia shawi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  38. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pseudolaguvia shawi (Hora, 1921). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  39. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pseudolaguvia ribeiroi (Hora, 1921). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  40. Ng HH. 2010. Pseudolaguvia ribeiroi. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  41. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Ailiichthys punctata Day, 1872. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  42. Ng HH. 2010. Ailia punctata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  43. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pterocryptis gangelica Peters, 1861. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  44. Ng HH. 2010. Pterocryptis gangelica. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  45. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Nangra bucculenta Roberts and Ferraris, 1998. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  46. Ng HH. 2010. Nangra bucculenta. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  47. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Nangra nangra (Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  48. Devi R and Boguskaya N. 2009. Nangra nangra. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  49. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Nangra ornata Roberts & Ferraris, 1998. Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  50. Ng HH. 2010. Nangra ornata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  51. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pseudecheneis sulcata (McClelland, 1842). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  52. Ng HH. 2010. Pseudecheneis sulcata. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  53. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Ambassis nalua(Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  54. Dahanukar N. 2012. Ambassis nalua. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  55. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Channa barca(Hamilton, 1822). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  56. Chaudhry S. 2010. Channa barca. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  57. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Pseudosphromenus cupanus (Cuvier, 1831). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  58. Abraham R. 2011. Pseudosphromenus cupanus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.
  59. Fishbase. 2014. Species Summary: Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker, 1853). Downloaded on 13 May 2014.
  60. Latifa GA. 2007. Dermogenys brachynotopterus (Bleeker, 1853). In: Siddiqui K U, Islam M A, Kabir S M H, Ahmad M, Ahmed A T A, Rahman A K A, Haque E U, Ahmed Z U, Begum Z N T, Hassan M A, Khondker M and Rahman M M (eds.). Encyclopedia of Flora and Fauna of Bangladesh, Vol. 23 (Freshwater Fishes). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Dhaka. p. 246.
  61. Ng HH. 2010. Dermogenys brachynotopterus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. Downloaded on 16 May 2014.

 

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Professor, Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. More...

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