Category: Fishes | Freshwater Fishes | Resource

Fin Fishes of the River Choto Jamuna

River Choto Jamuna is an important and well-known river in Northern Bangladesh and one of the major distributaries of the River Atrai. This river contributes much in terms of fish production and source of income for many fishermen living beside this river. A total of 63 species of fishes have been recorded belonging to 41 genera, 23 families and 9 orders (Galib et al 2013). However the species of fishes which are found in the Choto Jamuna at Badalgachhi upazilla in Naogoan district are given here-

 

Order: Beloniformes

Family Species English name Local name
Belonidae Xenentodon cancila Freshwater garfish Kakila

Order: Clupeiformes

Family Species English name Local name
Clupeidae Gudusia chapra Indian river shad Chapila
Engraulidae Setipinna phasa Gangetic hairfin anchovy Phasa

Order: Cypriniformes

Family Species English name Local name
Cyprinidae Amblypharyngodon mola Mola carplet Mola, Moa
Aspidoparia morar Aspidoparia Pioly
Catla catla Catla Catal, Catla
Cirrhinus mrigala Mrigal carp Mrigel, Mirka
Cirrhinus reba Reba Raik
Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass carp Glass/grass carp
Esomous danricus Flying barb Darkina, Darka
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Silver carp Silver carp
Labeo bata Bata Bata
Labeo calbasu Orange-fin labeo Calbaus
Labeo rohita Roho labeo Rui
Puntius chola Swamp barb Chola puti
Puntius phutunio Spottedsail barb Phutani puti
Puntius sarana Olive barb Sarputi
Puntius sophore Pool barb Jatputi
Puntius ticto Ticto barb Titputi
Salmostoma bacaila Large razorbelly minnow Chela
Salmostoma phulo Finescale razorbelly minnow Chela
Cobitidae Botia dario Bengal loach Rani, Bou
Botia lohachata Reticulate/Y-loach Rani, Bou
Lepidocephalus guntia Guntea loach Gutum
Somileptus gongota Gongota loach Pahari gutum

Order: Cyprinodontiformes

Family Species English name Local name
Aplocheilidae Aplocheilus panchax Blue panchax Pach chok

Order: Perciformes

Family Species English name Local name
Ambassidae Chanda lala Highfin glassy perchlet Choto chanda
Chanda nama Elongate glass-perchlet Nama chanda
Chanda ranga Indian glass-perchlet Lal chanda
Anabantidae Anabas testudineus Climbing perch Koi
Channidae Channa marulius Great snakehead Gozar
Channa orientalis Walking snakehead Cheng
Channa punctata Spotted snakehead Taki
Channa striata Snakehead murrel Shol
Gobiidae Glossogobius giuris Tank goby Bele, Baila
Mugilidae Rhinomugil corsula Corsula mullet Ural, Korsula
Osphronemidae Colisa fasciata Banded gourami Boro kholisha
Colisa lalia Dwarf gourami Lal kholisa

Order: Siluriformes

Family Species English name Local name
Bagridae Mystus aor Long whiskered catfish Ayre
Mystus cavasius Gangetic mystus Gulsa tengra
Mystus seenghala Giant river catfish Guizza ayre
Mystus tengara Tengara catfish Choto tengra
Mystus vittatus Stripped dwarf catfish Tengra
Rita rita Rita Rita
Clariidae Clarias batrachus Walking catfish Magur
Heteropneustidae Heteropneustes fossilis Stinging catfish Shing, Kanos
Pangasiidae Pangasius pangasius Pungas Pangus
Schilbeidae Ailia coila Gangetic alia Baspata
Clupisoma garua Garua bacha Gang gaira
Eutropiichthys vacha Batchwa vacha Bacha
Pseudeutropius atherinoides Potasi Batashi
Siluridae Ompok bimaculatus Butter catfish Boili pabda
Ompok pabda Pabdah catfish Pabda
Wallago attu Freshwater shark Boal
Sisoridae Bagarius bagarius Gangetic goonch Bagair
Gagata cenia Indian gagata Jungla magur

Order: Synbranchiformes

Family Species English name Local name
Mastacembelidae Macrognathus aculeatus Lesser spiny eel Tara baim
Mastacembelus armatus Zig-zag eel Sal baim , baim
Mastacembelus pancalus Barred spiny eel Guchi
Synbranchidae Monopterus cuchia Mud eel Kuchia

Order: Osteoglossiformes

Family Species English name Local name
Notopteridae Notopterus chitala Clown knifefish Chital
Notopterus notopterus Bronze featherback Foli

Order: Tetraodontiformes

Family Species English name Local name
Tetraodontidae Tetraodon cutcutia Ocellated pufferfish Potka

 

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Choto Jamuna at Badalgachhi upazilla in Naogoan, Bangladesh

 

The River Choto Jamuna losing its fish biodiversity day by day (Galib et al 2013). Several reasons including degradation of natural habitat, excess exploitation using illegal fishing gears, use of toxins in aquaculture ponds are responsible for this loss of fish diversity in Bangladesh (IUCN Bangladesh  2000, Galib et al 2009 and 2010). Conservation of fish diversity is essential to maintain ecological/nutritional or socio-economic equilibrium (Lakra 2010). So, as soon as possible effective management is essential to deal with this alarming threat. Establishment of perennial and seasonal (during breeding seasons) fish sanctuaries may serve this purpose.

 

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Student, Department of Fisheries, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi-6205, Bangladesh. More...

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