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Top Ten Smallest Fishes of Bangladesh

Top Ten Smallest Fishes of Bangladesh

Top Ten Smallest fishes of Bangladesh are given below –

No. Scientific Name English Name Bangla/Local Name Max. SL (cm)*
10 Parambassis lala Highfin Glassy Perchlet Lal Chanda 3.8
9 Nangra ornata Ornata Catfish Gang Tengra 3.7
8 Badis chittagongis Chittagong Badis Napit Koi 3.5
7 Nangra bucculenta Bacculenta Catfish Gang Tengra 3.4
6 Pseudolaguvia shawi Shaws Catfish Kani Tengra 3.3
5 Oryzias dancena Indian Ricefish Bechi 3.1
4 Oryzias carnaticus Spotted Ricefish Bechi 3
3 Gobiopterus chuno Glass Goby Chuna Bele 3
2 Brachygobius nunus Bumblebee Goby Nuna Baila 2.5
1 Schistura savona Half banded Loach Savon Khorka 2.4

* Maximum standard length (SL) in adult (cm)

No.10

Parambassis lala, Highfin Glassy Perchlet, Lal Chanda

 

Parambassis lala

Parambassis lala, Highfin Glassy Perchlet, Lal Chanda

 

Maximum length : 3.8 cm SL (Geetakumari, 2012)
Synonyms : Amhassis alta (Cuvier, 1828)
Chanda lala (Hamilton, 1822)
Parambassis lala (Hamilton, 1822)
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perches)
Suborder: Percoidei
Superfamily: Percoidea
Family: Ambassidae/Chandidae (Asiatic glassfishes)
Genus: Parambassis
Species: Parambassis lala
Fin formula : D VII/I P1 I/13 P2 I/5 A. III/13 (Rahman 2005)
D VII+I 11; A III 13; P i 10; V I 5 (Talwar and Jhingran 1991)
Conservation Status : Global- Near Threatened (Dahanukar, 2010)
Local- Least Concern (Mustafa et. al. 2015)
Population Trend : Global- Decreasing (Dahanukar, 2010)
Local- Unknown (Mustafa et. al. 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Rahman 2005), India (Assam, Bihar, Orissa, Tripura, West Bengal), Myanmar (Dahanukar, 2010)
Environment : Freshwater; brackish; demersal (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority : (Hamilton, 1822)

 

No.9

Nangra ornata, Ornata Catfish, Gang Tengra

 

Nangra ornata

Nangra ornata, Ornata Catfish, Gang Tengra (Chowdhury, 2015a)

 

Maximum length : 3.7 cm SL (Roberts and Ferraris, 1998)
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Siluriformes (Catfish)Family: Sisoridae (Sisorid catfishes)
Subfamily: Sisorinae
Genus: Nangra
Species: Nangra ornata
Conservation Status : Global- Data Deficient (Ng, 2010a)
Local- Data Deficient (Chowdhury, 2015a)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Ng, 2010a)
Local- Unknown (Chowdhury, 2015a)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Ng, 2010a)
Environment : Freshwater; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : Roberts and Ferraris, 1998

 

No.8

Badis chittagongis, Chittagong Badis, Napit Koi

 

Badis chittagongis, Chittagong Badis

Badis chittagongis, Chittagong Badis, Napit Koi (Mahalder and Mustafa, 2015)

 

Maximum length : 3.5 cm SL (Kullander and Britz, 2002)
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perch-likes)
Family: Badidae (Chameleon fishes)
Genus: Badis
Species: Badis chittagongis
Conservation Status : Global- Data Deficient (Chaudhry, 2010)
Local- Data Deficient (Mahalder and Mustafa, 2015)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Chaudhry, 2010)
Local- Not currently available (Mahalder and Mustafa, 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Chaudhry, 2010)
Environment : Freshwater; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : Kullander and Britz, 2002

 

No.7

Nangra bucculenta, Bacculenta Catfish, Gang Tengra

 

Nangra bucculenta

Nangra bucculenta, Bacculenta Catfish, Gang Tengra (Hossain, 2015)

 

Maximum length : 3.4 cm SL (Roberts and Ferraris, 1998)
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Siluriformes (Catfish)Family: Sisoridae (Sisorid catfishes)
Subfamily: Sisorinae
Genus: Nangra
Species: Nangra bucculenta
Conservation Status : Global- Data Deficient (Ng, 2010b)
Local- Data Deficient (Hossain, 2015)
Population Trend : Unknown (Ng, 2010b)
Local- Unknown (Hossain, 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Ng, 2010b)
Environment : Freshwater; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : Roberts and Ferraris, 1998

 

No.6

Pseudolaguvia shawi, Shaws Catfish, Kani Tengra

 

Pseudolaguvia shawi, Shaws Catfish

Pseudolaguvia shawi, Shaws Catfish, Kani Tengra

 

Maximum length : 3.5 cm (Rahman, 2005)
Synonyms : Laguvia shawi Hora, 1921
Glyptothorax shawi Menon, 1954
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Siluriformes (Catfishes)
Superfamily: Sisoroidea
Family: Erethistidae (South Asian river catfishes)
Genus: Pseudolaguvia
Species: Pseudolaguvia shawi
Fin formula : D. I/6; P1. I/6; P2. 7; A. 9 (Rahman, 2005)
D I 5-6; A i 8; P I 7; V i 5 (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
Conservation Status : Global- Least Concern (Ng, 2010c)
Local- Data Deficient (Chowdhury, 2015b)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Ng, 2010c)
Local- Unknown (Chowdhury, 2015b)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Rahman, 2005); India (Tista drainage and Darjeeling Himalaya) (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
Environment : Freshwater; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : (Hora, 1921)

 

No.5

Oryzias dancena, Indian ricefish, Bechi

 

Oryzias dancena, Indian ricefish, Bechi

Oryzias dancena, Indian ricefish, Bechi

 

Maximum length : 3.1 cm SL male/unsexed (Rainboth 1998)
Synonyms : Cyprinus dancena Hamilton, 1822;
Aplocheilus mcclellandi Bleeker, 1854
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Beloniformes (Needle fishes)
Family: Adrianichthyidae (Ricefishes)
Subfamily: Oryziinae
Genus: Oryzias
Species: Oryzias dancena
Conservation Status : Global- Least Concern (Abraham, 2011a)
Local – Data Deficient (Sumaiya, 2015a)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Abraham, 2011a)
Local- Unknown (Sumaiya, 2015a)
Occurrence : Bangladesh, India (Tamil Nadu, West Bengal), Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand (Abraham, 2011a)
Environment : Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : (Hamilton 1822)

 

No.4

Oryzias carnaticus, Spotted Ricefish, Bechi

 

Oryzias carnaticus, Spotted Ricefish, Bechi

Oryzias carnaticus, Spotted Ricefish, Bechi (Sumaiya, 2015b)

 

Maximum length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed (Roberts, 1998)
Synonyms : Aplocheilus carnaticus Jerdon, 1849
Panchax argenteus Day, 1868
Panchax cyanopthalma Blyth, 1858
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Beloniformes (Needle fishes)
Family: Adrianichthyidae (Ricefishes)
Subfamily: Oryziinae
Genus: Oryzias
Species: Oryzias carnaticus
Conservation Status : Global- Least Concern (Abraham, 2011b)
Local- Data Deficient (Sumaiya, 2015b)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Abraham, 2011b)
Local- Unknown (Sumaiya, 2015b)
Countries occurrence : Bangladesh, India (Andaman Is., Karnataka, Orissa, Tamil Nadu), Myanmar (mainland), Sri Lanka (Abraham, 2011b)
Environment : Freshwater; brackish; benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : (Jerdon, 1849)

 

No.3

Gobiopterus chuno, Glass Goby, Chuna Bele

 

Gobiopterus chuno, Glass Goby, Chuna Bele

Gobiopterus chuno, Glass Goby, Chuna Bele

 

Maximum length : 3.0 cm SL male/unsexed (Rainboth 1996)
Synonyms : Gobius chuno Hamilton, 1822
Micrapocryptes fragilis Hora, 1923
Gobiella pellucid Smith, 1931
Gobiopterus chuno Smith, 1945
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perches)
Family: Gobiidae (Gobies)
Subfamily: Gobionellinae
Genus: Gobiopterus
Species: Gobiopterus chuno
Fin formula : D1. V; D2. I/7; P1. 18; P2. 6; A. I/10 (Rahman, 2005)
Conservation Status : Global- Data Deficient (Ng, 2010d)
Local- Least Concern (Ara and Azadi, 2015)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Ng, 2010d)
Local- Not currently available (Ara and Azadi, 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh, India (Orissa, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal) (Ng, 2010d)
Environment : Freshwater, brackish, demersal, amphidromous (Riede, 2004)
Species Authority: : (Hamilton, 1822)

 

No.2

Brachygobius nunus, Bumblebee goby, Nuna Baila

 

Brachygobius nunus, Bumblebee goby, Nuna Baila

Brachygobius nunus, Bumblebee goby, Nuna Baila

 

Maximum length : 2.5 cm SL (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
Synonyms : Gobius nunus Hamilton, 1822
Gobius alcockii Annandale, 1906
Gobius bombayensis Annandale, 1919
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Perciformes (Perches)
Suborder: Gobioidei
Family: Gobiidae (Gobies)
Subfamily: Gobionellinae
Genus: Brachygobius
Species: Brachygobius nunus
Fin formula : D1. V; D2. 1/7; P1. 14-16; P2.6; A. 1/7; C. 15 (Rahman, 2005)
Conservation Status : Global- Not Evaluated (NE)
Local- Least Concern (LC) (Nabi, 2015)
Population Trend : Global- Not Evaluated (NE)
Local- Unknown (Nabi, 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Rahman, 1989); India, Burma, Thailand, Malaya, Sumatra, Java and Borneo (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991b); Hoogly, Burma, Moulmein (Day, 1958)
Environment : Freshwater, brackish, demersal, amphidromous (Riede, 2004)
Species Authority: : (Hamilton, 1822)

 

No.1

Schistura savona, Half banded Loach, Savon khorka

 

Schistura savona, Half banded Loach, Savon khorka

Schistura savona, Half banded Loach, Savon khorka (Rahman, 2015)

 

Maximum length : 2.4 cm SL (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
Synonyms : Cobitis savona Hamilton, 1822
Schistura savona McClelland, 1839
Nemachilus savona Günther, 1868
Noemacheilus savona Menon, 1974
Systematic position : Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Cypriniformes (Carps)
Family: Balitoridae (River loaches)
Subfamily: Nemacheilinae
Genus: Schistura
Species: Schistura savona
Fin formula : D. 10 (2/8); P1. 10; P2.7; A. 7 (2/5) (Rahman, 2005)
D iii 9; A ii 5; P i 8; V i 6 (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).
Conservation Status : Global- Least Concern (Vishwanath, 2010)
Local- Near Threatened (Rahman, 2015)
Population Trend : Global- Unknown (Vishwanath, 2010)
Local- Decreasing (Rahman, 2015)
Occurrence : Bangladesh (Rahman, 2005); Eastern Himalaya: Tista drainage at Darjeeling through Nepal, to Karnali and Kali drainage in Uttar Pradesh of India (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
Environment : Freshwater, brackish, benthopelagic (Froese and Pauly, 2017)
Species Authority: : (Hamilton, 1822)

 

Reference:

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