Indian glass barb, Laubuca laubuca
Indian glass barb, Laubuca laubuca

Systematic position
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii (Ray-finned fishes)
Order: Cypriniformes (Carps)
Family: Cyprinidae (Minnows or carps)
Subfamily: Rasborinae (=Danioninae)
Genus: Laubuca
Species: L. laubuca

Chela huae (Tirant, 1883)
Chela laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)
Clupea huae Tirant, 1883
Cyprinus laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)
Danio menoni Barman, 1986
Laubuca guttatus (McClelland, 1839)
Laubuca siamensis Fowler, 1939
Leuciscus laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)
Perilampus fulvescens Blyth, 1860
Perilampus guttatus McClelland, 1839
Perilampus laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)

Common/local names
English: Indian glass barb, Indian hatchet fish and Winged danio
Bangladesh: Laubuka (লব্বুকা), Chap chela (চাপ চেলা) and Kash khaira (কাশ খায়রা)
India: Laupatia, Laupati and Herbaggi (Assam); Layubuka, Dankena and Bekichela (West Bengal); Dendula and Dennahrah (Bihar and Uttar Pradesh); Bankoe (Orissa) and Mathiparab (Kerala) (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).

Distributions: Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Malay Peninsula and Sumatra (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991).

Conservation  status: Endangered in Bangladesh due to habitat loss (IUCN Bangladesh, 2000). Fairly common all over Bangladesh (Rahman, 1989 and 2005).

Morphology: Body elongate, deep and compressed with slightly oblique mouth. Body depth 2.5-4.1 times in standard length (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991). Lateral line complete with 34-36 (Rahman, 1989 and 2005); 31-37 (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991); 34-37 (Shafi and Quddus, 2001) scales. Pectorals wing-like and large.

Body color translucent, shining silver to greenish-gray with a violet lustre on caudal peduncle (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991). Vertical steel-blue markings on sides of the body. A deep black, golden-edged blotch at the base of caudal fin. Fins are yellowish.

Fin formula:
D. 10 (2/8); P. 13; P2. 7; A. 21-22 (3/18-19) (Rahman, 1989 and 2005; IUCN Bangladesh, 2000)
D ii 8-10; A ii 17-22; P i 8-11; V i 6 (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991)
D. 10 (2/8); P. 10; V. 7; A. 21-22 (3/18-19); C. 19 (Shafi and Quddus, 2001)

Maximum lengths: 6.7 cm (Rahman, 1989 and 2005; IUCN Bangladesh, 2000); 5.5 cm (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991) and 8.75 cm (Shafi and Quddus, 2001).

Habitats: Abundantly found in canals, beels, baors and rivers; also in paddy and jute fields during rainy season (Shafi and Quddus, 2001). Prefers mud with sandy bottom (Shafi and Quddus, 2001).

Food and feeding: Surface dweller and feeds mainly on insects, also leaf and stem tissues (IUCN Bangladesh, 2000).

Spawning: Breeds freely in ponds, tanks and small streams (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991). Mating takes place during dusk or dawn; about 30 eggs are scattered at a time and eggs hatch in 24 hours (IUCN Bangladesh, 2000).

Fishery info: Used as ornamental fish in aquarium (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991). Also as bait for Tor, Channa and other large carnivorous fish (Talwar and Jhingran, 1991). Caught by Veshal, cast and drag nets (Shafi and Quddus, 2001).



Blyth E (1860) Report on some fishes received chiefly from the Sitang River and its tributary streams, Tenasserim Provinces. Journal and Proceedings of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 29(2):138-174.

Hamilton F (1822) An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches. Edinburgh & London. An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges and its branches.: i-vii + 1-405, Pls. 1-39.

IUCN Bangladesh (2000) Red book of threatened fishes of Bangladesh, IUCN- The world conservation union. xii+116 pp.

McClelland J (1839) Indian Cyprinidae. Asiatic Researches 19(2): 217-471, Pls. 37-61.

Rahman AKA (1989) Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, 1st edition, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, pp. 84-85.

Rahman AKA (2005) Freshwater Fishes of Bangladesh, 2nd edition, Zoological Society of Bangladesh, Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka-1000, pp. 101-102.

Shafi M and Quddus MMA (2001) Bangladesher Matsho Shampad (Fisheries of Bangladesh) (in Bengali), Kabir publication. Dhaka, Bangladesh. pp. 154-155.

Talwar PK and Jhingran AG (1991) Inland Fishes of India and Adjacent Countries, Vol. 1, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi-Calcutta, pp. 316-317.

Tirant G (1883) Mémoire sur les poissons de la rivière de Hué. Bulletin de la Société des Études Indo-chinoises. Saigon. 1883: 80-101.


Reference: Rainboth, W.J., 1996. Fishes of the Cambodian Mekong. FAO Species Identification Field Guide for Fishery Purposes. FAO, Rome, 265 p.
Collaborator: FAO
Copyright: CC BY NC 3.0

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Indian glass barb, Laubuca laubuca (Hamilton, 1822)

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Shams works in freshwater ecosystems, primarily on fish diversity in terms of their availability, and richness; he is also interested in aquatic invasive species and their impacts on ecosystem. Email: More...

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